axel is another download tool on unix besides wget and fetch, etc. On freebsd, default downloader tool is using fetch. i’m very frustating when updating ports/installing package from ports using default downloader from freebsd. I want some tools like internet download manager like in windows. And then i found tools on UNIX who works like IDM, axel 🙂

installing axel quite simple in linux/BSD variant. on this documentation, i using FreeBSD.

installing axel :

#cd /usr/ports/ftp/axel

#make install clean

axel already installed on your BSD, but you must editing /etc/make.conf if you wanna use axel as your default downloader program when you installing program via ports. open /etc/make.conf and then add these lines  :


Try to installing packages via ports, and see the difference 😀


Directory Aliasing on nginx

last few day, i migrated web server from apache to nginx. Not a big problem when i configuring php with nginx, but the main problem is, how to configuring alias directory in nginx ?.

on apache, configuring alias directory is quite simple, like this :

Alias /wiki "/usr/local/www/mediawiki"
<Directory /usr/local/www/mediawiki>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
order deny,allow
deny from all
allow from xxxxxxx/y

but, in nginx ?  harder than using apache :D. Here’s example how to enabling alias directory in nginx

location /wiki {
alias //usr/local/www/mediawiki;
index index.php;
location ~ /wiki/.*\.php$ {
if ($fastcgi_script_name ~ /wiki(/.*\.php)$) {
set $valid_fastcgi_script_name $1;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/local/www/mediawiki$valid_fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;

save nginx.conf and restart nginx.

done! :p